Neuroscience and Psychology

Psychopathology

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Psychopathology is a term which refers to either the study of mental illness or mental distress or the manifestation of behaviours and experiences which may be indicative of mental illness or psychological impairment. Psychopathology is not the same as psychopathy, which has to do with antisocial personality disorders and criminality.
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‘Ego-dissolving’ psychedelic drugs could assist with mental health

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The altered state of consciousness and temporary lack of ego that results from using psychedelic drugs could help some mental health patients recover from their symptoms, according to academics.

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Suicidology

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Suicidology is the scientific study of suicidal behaviour and suicide prevention. There are many different fields and disciplines involved with suicidology, the two primary ones being psychology and sociology. Every year, about one million people die by suicide, which is a mortality rate of sixteen per 100,000 or one death every forty seconds. Suicide is largely preventable with the right actions, knowledge about suicide, and a change in society’s view of suicide to make it more acceptable to talk about suicide.

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Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

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The branch of psychiatry that specializes in the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of psychopathological disorders of children, adolescents, and their families, child and adolescent psychiatry encompasses the clinical investigation of phenomenology, biologic factors, psychosocial factors, genetic factors, demographic factors, environmental factors, history, and the response to interventions of child and adolescent psychiatric disorders. Child psychiatry includes medication to help control or minimize certain behaviors or thoughts.

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Spinal Cord Stimulation for Pain Relief of Unresectable Sacral Chordoma

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An 83-year-old man with a large sacral chordoma not amenable to surgical resection presented with severe lower back and lower extremity pain refractory to opioid medications. Trial with a temporary external spinal cord stimulator (SCS) elicited a >50% relief of symptoms and a permanent SCS was subsequently placed. The patient continued to report adequate pain relief from the SCS 12 months after placement, despite continued progression of his disease.

Transforaminal Endoscopic Decompression for Lumbar Spine

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Endoscopic Spine Surgery has evolved rapidly in the past 5 years, and is getting less pushback by traditional spine surgeons who have no exposure or training in endoscopic spine surgery in their training. The author has dedicated his last 25 years to transforaminal endoscopic surgery. He has previously reported on his 12 years’ experience in 2007 in IJAS Surgery, but 13 years later, continued evolution of the transforaminal approach aided by new endoscopes and endoscopic instrumentation has allowed the author and experienced endoscopic surgeons adopting this approach, with the ability to treat 90 percent of painful degenerative conditions of the lumbar spine after the learning curve is conquered.

For more information visit https://www.scitechnol.com/abstract/transforaminal-endoscopic-decompression-for-painful-degenerative-conditions-of-the-lumbar-spine-a-review-of-one-surgeons-experienc-6261.html

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Shorter sleep linked to sugar-sweetened drink consumption

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Treating sleep deprivation could potentially help reduce sugar intake, a new study suggests. People who sleep five or fewer hours a night are likely to also drink significantly more sugary caffeinated drinks, such as sodas and energy drinks, researchers found.

Source: University of California – San Francisco