The researchers report that, between 2000 and 2010, squamous cell carcinoma (also called cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma) diagnoses increased 263 percent, and basal cell carcinomas increased 145 percent. They compared the 2000-2010 period to two other segments of time: 1976-1984 and 1985-1992.
Women 30-49 experienced the greatest increase in basal cell carcinoma diagnoses; whereas, women 40-59 and 70-79 experienced the greatest increase in squamous cell carcinomas.
Men had an increase in squamous cell carcinomas between the first and second time period studied (1976-1984 and 1985-1992), but experienced a slight decline in the 2000-2010 period. However, for basal cell carcinomas, men over 29 showed similar increases in diagnoses in the 2000-2010 period than the two earlier periods.
Researchers at the University of Iowa did just that, documenting in real time and in 3-D how melanoma cells form tumors. The cells waste no time finding their cancerous cousins, slashing their way through a lab-prepared gel to quickly join other melanoma cells and form tumors.
Biology professor David Soll and his team used unique computer-assisted 3-D reconstruction software to chronicle how both breast tissue cancer cells and melanoma cells form tumors. The group found the two cancers act similarly in the joining stages of tumor formation. With that knowledge, they screened more than four dozen monoclonal antibodies — unique agents that can stop cells from growing or forming tumors and can be mass produced — before finding two that block tumor creation in both types of cancer.
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It is certainly not from exotic ingredients or brand-name only products. Obtaining great results depend on having a complete skin care routine. This routine should consist of skin-compatible products, targeted for your desired results. For example, if acne is your main focus, purchase products that combat acne. If lines and wrinkles are bothering you, don’t overload and complicate your product usage. Choose items that target your issues.
It’s actually that simple. Complete skin care means you ‘dot the essential I’s and cross the essential T’s’. And here’s where you start.
- Cleanse skin to prepare it to absorb corrective actives.
- Correct skin problems by choosing specific products designed to achieve your results.
- Hydrate to maintain skin health.
- Protect from damaging UV rays that lead to wrinkles and uneven skin pigment.
Ensure each step includes quality products. This is the secret to skin care that is repeatedly missed. Don’t be deceived by advertising claims enticing you to the latest and greatest! Learn why complete skin care is important.
While you’re at it, see my advice pages below. They will guide you to creating an effective routine for the results you want!
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Irritant contact dermatitis accounts for 80% of all contact dermatitis reactions. It occurs when the skin comes in contact with a substance that acts as an irritant. Even though over 2800 substances have been identified as irritants, almost any substance under the right circumstances can act as an irritant.
Skin Barrier in Irritant Contact Dermatitis
The epidermis acts as a barrier with an outer layer composed of dead cells in a water-protein-lipid matrix.
Acute Irritant Contact Dermatitis
Acute irritant contact dermatitis occurs when the skin comes in contact with a strong toxic chemical such as an acid or alkali. The rash occurs within minutes to hours after exposure and in most cases, healing occurs soon after exposure. This rash usually has sharp borders and consists of redness, vesicles, bullae, or skin sloughing.
- Picture of irritant contact dermatitis on the foot
Chronic Cumulative Irritant Contact Dermatitis
Chronic cumulative irritant contact dermatitis is the more common of the two. This dermatitis occurs after repeated exposure to low-level irritants, such as soaps or shampoos. The rash may take weeks, months, or even years to develop.
The rash usually has poorly-defined borders, is very itchy, and consists of redness, scaling, fissuring, and lichenification.
- Picture of irritant contact dermatitis on the hand
Treatment of Irritant Contact Dermatitis
The mainstay of treatment for irritant contact dermatitis is avoiding as many of the irritants as possible.
Other helpful measures include:
- Reduce water exposure – because frequent water exposure actually dries out the skin and disrupts the barrier function of the epidermis, keep water contact to a minimum.
- Moisturize – Frequent moisturization improves the barrier function of the skin. Avoid the use of moisturizers with perfumes since these may also act as an irritant.
- Protection – Because the hands are often affected by irritant contact dermatitis, the use of gloves may help reduce exposure to the irritant.
- Topical steroids – Medium- to high-strength topical steroids may be needed to reduce inflammation and itching.
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