skin care

Mcl-1 is a Gate Keeper Regulating Cell Death in Cancer Cells

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Selectively inducing cancer cells to death is the goal of cancer therapy. The discovery of B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) family members regulating apoptotic cell death of cancer cells revealed new targets for cancer therapy. Bcl-2 family members can be classified into pro-apoptotic members and anti-apoptotic members among which myeloid cell leukemia 1 (Mcl-1) plays unique roles in regulating cell death and survival in cancer cells. Mcl-1 has a short half-life due to its degradation by multiple E3 ubiquitin-ligases. Under hypoxic conditions, Mcl-1 is up-regulated by activation of growth factor receptor, EGFR promoting cell survival whereas, prolonged/severe hypoxia leads to deactivation of EGFR and Mcl-1 degradation by E3 ubiquitin -ligase FBW7 contributing to cell death. Furthermore, cancer cells upregulated Mcl-1 contributing resistance to chemotherapeutic treatment such as by inhibitors of other antiapoptotic Bcl-2 members Bcl-2, Bcl-xL and Bcl-w. Therefore, Mcl- 1 might be the key player in pro-survival Bcl-2 family members in regulating cancer cell death. This encourages the on-going active development of Mcl-1 specific inhibitors for cancer treatment.

Read more: https://www.scitechnol.com/clinical-experimental-oncology.php

Submit Manuscript:  editor.jceog@scitechnol.com or online submission

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2-Octyl Cyanoacrylate Skin Adhesive

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Surgical adhesives have become more prevalent in the Emergency Department (ED) to close #skin lacerations due to their ease of use, more complete surface contact and microbial barrier properties. They also have unique advantages over traditional suturing in the ED. This includes the ease of closure, the speed of closure, decreased or elimination of the need for topical or injectable anaesthetics, and reducing the need for specific aftercare including suture removal. Prior research has found that liquid skin adhesives for laceration closure are less painful and produce similar cosmetic effects when compared to sutures. While skin adhesives offer advantages opportunities for improvement exist. Ease of application is an important characteristic. The viscosity of the adhesive may cause problems if too low, flowing into sensitive areas including eyes and mucous membranes. If too high it may not adequately cover the wound or create a raised area that patients may find irritating, particularly children who may scratch at these raised areas which can increase the risk of infection.

E-mail us: dermatology@scitechnol.com

Full Article: http://bit.ly/2hnIl3W

L 17 Cytokine in Psoriasis

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Psoriasis which was considered a disease of abnormal epidermal keratinocyte proliferation later was identified as T helper-1 (Th1) disease because an increase in Th1 pathway cytokines was observed in the lesions and in serum. Currently, a new paradigm has emerged where Th17 cells which produce IL-17 and IL-22, play a central role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. The differentiation factors (TGF-beta, IL-6, IL-21), the growth and stabilization factor (IL-23), and the intracellular transcription factors (STAT3, RORγt, and RORalpha) are involved in the development of Th17 cells. IL-17A, part of a group of cytokines, called the IL-17 family plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. IL-17A enhances the expression of S100 proteins, chemokines CCL20, CXCL1, CXCL3, CXCL5, CXCL6, and CXCL8, and VEGF in keratinocytes leading to aberrant cell differentiation, proliferation, and immune activation. IL-17A has pleiotropic effects, but its main effect is recruitment and activation of neutrophils, angiogenesis and tissue remodelling by stimulating the production of angiogenic factors and matrix metalloproteases.

E-mail us: dermatology@scitechnol.com

Full article: http://bit.ly/2s0aKDF

Chemoradiotherapy in Locally Invasive Parathyroid Cancer

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Parathyroid cancers (PTC) are very rare and have a poor prognosis. A 48 year old case with locally invasive PTC that was positive for close surgical removal margin was treated with chemo radiotherapy after surgery. Even though this required bimodal chemo and radio adjuvant therapy, the patient was treated by chemo radiotherapy with some modifications, including oral administration of capestabine. These treatments were well tolerated with minimal side effects, which have proven to be very effective in freeing the patient from the invasive tumor for the following twenty six months of monitoring. This treatment method could be adopted in place of the widely preferred surgical therapy. We believe that this case report will guide future studies concerning with similar cases.

Read more: https://www.scitechnol.com/clinical-experimental-oncology.php

Submit Manuscript:  editor.jceog@scitechnol.com or online submission

Get the Best Results From Beauty Products

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It is certainly not from exotic ingredients or brand-name only products. Obtaining great results depend on having a complete skin care routine. This routine should consist of skin-compatible products, targeted for your desired results. For example, if acne is your main focus, purchase products that combat acne. If lines and wrinkles are bothering you, don’t overload and complicate your product usage. Choose items that target your issues.

It’s actually that simple. Complete skin care means you ‘dot the essential I’s and cross the essential T’s’. And here’s where you start.

  • Cleanse skin to prepare it to absorb corrective actives.
  • Correct skin problems by choosing specific products designed to achieve your results.
  • Hydrate to maintain skin health.
  • Protect from damaging UV rays that lead to wrinkles and uneven skin pigment.

Ensure each step includes quality products. This is the secret to skin care that is repeatedly missed. Don’t be deceived by advertising claims enticing you to the latest and greatest! Learn why complete skin care is important.

While you’re at it, see my advice pages below. They will guide you to creating an effective routine for the results you want!

Read More: https://www.scitechnol.com/clinical-dermatology-research-journal.php

E-mail us: dermatology@scitechnol.com

Necrotic Arachnidism by Zorocrates guerrerensis

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The spiders (filo Arthropoda) occupy seventh place in global species richness. The genus Zorocrates Simon, consists of endemic species in Mexico. This arthropod used for feeding or defense, glandular secretions to manipulate their prey (including human), affecting their state of health or causing the death, by what are considered species of medical importance.

We present the case clinical female 19 years old, resident of the Mexico City, who came to the Parasitology Laboratory, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), commenting that three days before, sitting on his bed, felt pain in the left external tibial region at the level of the third half, discovering a large insect, repelling it immediately; minutes later, there are burning, and erythema in the area of reference, which evolves with formation of vials, which spontaneously bursts. Then presented erythematous, itchy, painful plaques, reason for the requested medical attention. The ulcerative lesion studied with slow progress until the cicatricial process.

Responsible arachnid is presented to the laboratory until the end of the treatment, which is identified as Zorocrates guerrerensis, species located in areas of the Mexico City (bedrooms, bathrooms, patios, zotehuelas, cisterns and gardens). There are no cases reported in Mexico and the world, about accidents caused by this species. It is suggested that the injury is due to the mechanics of the bite and not by the toxic effects of its secretion, which has not yet been characterized and that cannot be ruled out, along with other components, as head of the pathophysiological manifestations.

Read more: http://bit.ly/2lCw3qi

Submit your manuscript: dermatology@scitechnol.com (or) dermatology@scitechnol.org

 

https://scitechnolblog.wordpress.com/2017/02/25/necrotic-arachnidism-by-zorocrates-guerrerensis/

Skin Cancer on the Rise

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The researchers report that, between 2000 and 2010, squamous cell carcinoma (also called cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma) diagnoses increased 263 percent, and basal cell carcinomas increased 145 percent. They compared the 2000-2010 period to two other segments of time: 1976-1984 and 1985-1992.

Women 30-49 experienced the greatest increase in basal cell carcinoma diagnoses; whereas, women 40-59 and 70-79 experienced the greatest increase in squamous cell carcinomas.

Men had an increase in squamous cell carcinomas between the first and second time period studied (1976-1984 and 1985-1992), but experienced a slight decline in the 2000-2010 period. However, for basal cell carcinomas, men over 29 showed similar increases in diagnoses in the 2000-2010 period than the two earlier periods.