https://www.scitechnol.com/obesity-therapeutics.php

C-sections and gut bacteria increase risk of childhood obesity

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New research has found that overweight and obese women are more like to have children who are overweight or obese by three years of age — and that bacteria in the gut may be partially to blame.

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New link between gut bacteria and obesity

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Researchers have discovered a new link between gut bacteria and obesity. They found that certain amino acids in our blood can be connected to both obesity and the composition of the gut microbiome.

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Drinking diet beverages during pregnancy linked to child obesity, study suggests

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Children born to women who had gestational diabetes and drank at least one artificially sweetened beverage per day during pregnancy were more likely to be overweight or obese at age 7, compared to children born to women who had gestational diabetes and drank water instead of artificially sweetened beverages, according to a study.

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It’s Safe For Obese Moms-to-be To Lose Weight During Pregnancy, New Research Finds

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New research finds doctors should encourage most overweight women to diet and exercise during pregnancy. The new research flies in the face of the “eat for two” and “take it easy” advice that obstetricians gave to a past generation of moms-to-be.

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Hunger-controlling brain cells may offer path for new obesity drugs

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Scientists identified two new populations of cells in the brain that potently regulate appetite. The two types of cells, located in a part of the brainstem called the dorsal raphe nucleus, are potential targets for new drugs to treat obesity by controlling the hunger signals that drive the search for and consumption of food. Flipping on the GABA-releasing neurons in the same part of the brain had the opposite effect and increased food intake. Notably, turning on the “hunger neurons” automatically turned off the “satiety neurons,” maximizing the effect.

 

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Obesity: A new appetite-increasing mechanism discovered

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Despite their efforts, many morbidly obese people continue to consume too much food (hyperphagia) compared to their reserves and their needs. And yet, the hunger hormone, called ghrelin, is most frequently found at a normal or even lower level in these patients. Research can now explain this mechanism causing this paradoxical hyperphagia. Certain antibodies have a greater affinity for ghrelin in obese patients, leading to extended appetite stimulation.

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Fat grafting for buttocks augmentation: Combined technique gives good results

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Have you ever dreamed of taking fat from one area where you had a little too much, and transferring to somewhere you wanted a little more? A Brazilian plastic surgery team has done just that, using a combined liposuction and fat grafting technique to augment and enhance the buttocks.

The researchers report on their technique and outcomes of liposuction and fat grafting in 106 women, average age 33 years. In an initial liposuction step, the plastic surgeons obtained fat from areas like the thighs or hips.

This was followed by a gluteoplasty step, in which the collected fat was reinjected to sculpt and enhance the appearance of the buttocks. The researchers limited their evaluation of the results of the technique to patients with no major weight loss or gain during the year after surgery.

 

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