Oral Health Behaviors and Related Factors in Myanmar Population

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To evaluate the relationship of oral health behaviors with socio-demographic, self-perceived oral health, oral health knowledge and health education experience in Myanmar population.Data were collected from a convenience sample of 305 aged 16-65 years who were residents in Yangon, Myanmar. Questionnaires were used to assess socio-demographics, selfperceived oral health, oral health knowledge, health education experience and oral health behaviors. The relationship of oral health behaviors with socio-demographics, self-perceived oral health, oral health knowledge, and health education experience was examined by a logistic regression analysis.

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Can Challenges of Oral Cancer Diagnosis be Resolved??

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Early oral cancer detection and accurate diagnosis remain the most challenging aspects of oral oncology. Heterogeneity in oral cancer (mostly squamous cell carcinoma) renders accurate classification problematic, which in turn impacts on treatment decision and patient outcome. Early oral cancer detection coupled with appropriate treatment can significantly improve patient outcome, reduce mortality and alleviate public healthcare costs. Clinical diagnosis of early potentially malignant oral lesion is one of the first challenges of dental practitioners when encountering an oral lesion. Whilst most oral lesions are clinically well characterized and easy to identify, the main problem is to be able to identify which lesions are potentially malignant.

Evaluation of the peritoneal carcinomatosis index with CT and MRI.

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CT and MRI examinations of patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis were evaluated. CT images were first analysed by two observers who determined a first PCI (PCICT). Then, the two observers reviewed MRI examinations in combination with CT and determined a second PCI (PCICT+MRI). The sensitivity and negative predictive value of the two imaging sets were determined using surgery as a reference standard.

Source: http://www.scitechnol.com/surgery-clinical-practice.php

Validation of a nomogram for selecting patients for chemotherapy

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According to some guidelines for the management of gastric cancer, adjuvant chemotherapy is recommended for patients with pT3–4 or node‐positive disease. The aim of this study was to define low‐ and high‐risk groups in terms of survival, and to predict the benefit of adjuvant fluoropyrimidine plus oxaliplatin (F‐OX) chemotherapy.

Source: http://www.scitechnol.com/surgery-clinical-practice.php

Spinal Cord Regeneration

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It’s estimated that more than 15,000 people suffer from spinal cord injury each year in Indonesia, and most of them will die because of the complication. The treatment and rehabilitation for them require lots of fund and in countries like Indonesia will be a huge burden for the family. There is very limited access to a good rehabilitation facilities or appropriate hospital care for spinal cord injuries; this also contributes to a high mortality rate especially after the cervical cord injury. We believe that more than one third of the world population is still facing the same situation like in Indonesia.

For more information visit https://www.scitechnol.com/spinal-cord-regeneration-its-a-matter-of-time-to-find-the-solution-iSF3.php?article_id=172

Website URL: https://www.scitechnol.com/spine-neurosurgery.php

Brain Stimulation for Basal Ganglia Disorders

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The basal ganglia (BG) have long been considered a purely motor region of the brain. However, over the last couple of decades it has progressively become clear that BG are central components of different cortical-subcortical circuits, described on a basic level as ‘motor’, ‘oculomotor’, ‘associative’ and ‘limbic’, according to the function of the cortical regions involved. In turn, each circuit encompasses multiple, functionally and anatomically distinct subcircuits. Dysfunction within these segregated circuits has been shown to cause BG disorders. Specifically, Parkinson disease (PD) and dystonia, are thought to arise from disturbances within the BGthalamo- cortical motor circuitry, whilst Tourette syndrome (TS) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), seem to be related to abnormalities within the limbic circuitry. There is also a degree of overlap between the motor and behavioural sides of BG disorders, as conditions like PD and TS are characterised by both movement disorders and neuropsychiatric symptoms.

For more information visit https://www.scitechnol.com/brain-stimulation-for-basal-ganglia-disorders-9VQW.php?article_id=173

Website URL: https://www.scitechnol.com/spine-neurosurgery.php

Vaginal bacteria can trigger recurrent UTIs, study shows

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About half of all women will experience urinary tract infections in their lifetimes, and despite treatment, about a quarter will develop recurrent infections within six months of initial infection. A kind of bacteria found in the vagina may trigger recurrent UTIs, according to researchers. The findings help explain why sexual activity is associated with UTIs. When it gets into the bladder, the vaginal bacteria Gardnerella vaginalis causes dormant E. coli from a previous infection to start multiplying again, causing another UTI. Gardnerella may also contribute to more serious kidney infections.