neuroscience

Sexual Activities in Methamphetamine Users: A Qualitative Study on a Sample of Iranian Methamphetamine Users in Tehran

Posted on Updated on

It is known that psychostimulants including methamphetamine have a great effect on sexual behaviors. Since the rate of methamphetamine use has recently increased in Iranian population, there are concerns that this may drive up sexual risky behaviors among users. The result could shift the dominant mode of HIV transmission from drug injection to sexual contact in the country. The intention of the current study, which is the first one in Iran, was to restate the threat to the decision makers in the country.

View more at http://www.scitechnol.com/addictive-behaviors-therapy-rehabilitation.php

Establishing the Behavioral Function of Video Game Use: Development of the Video Game Functional Assessment

Posted on Updated on

A great deal of attention has been focused on individuals who play video and computer games despite physical and psychological consequences. Unfortunately, instruments that have been developed to determine problematic gaming have not completely measured the behavioral component of video game addiction. Identifying the behavioral functions of video game play would allow for the development of behavioral interventions specifically targeted at reducing or replacing those functions.

View more at http://www.scitechnol.com/addictive-behaviors-therapy-rehabilitation.php

Recharge with sleep: Pediatric sleep recommendations promoting optimal health

Posted on

For the first time, the American Academy of Sleep Medicine has released official consensus recommendations for the amount of sleep needed to promote optimal health in children and teenagers to avoid the health risks of insufficient sleep.

Source: American Academy of Sleep Medicine

Read Related articles at Sleep Journal

Daily Prefrontal Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (Rtms) Combined With Cognitive Training As A Treatment For Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Case Report

Posted on

Background: To date, drug treatment for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) has little efficacy and is of short duration. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was developed as a non-invasive tool to activate the cortex, measure its connectivity and excitability, and assess the integrity of motor pathways. Its use in neurology, clinical neurophysiology and psychiatry has been spread from research to more strictly clinical purposes. Cognitive rehabilitation (CR) is an intervention to treat the overall well-being of the patient, to increase the reactivation of residual powers and slow down functional loss. Objective/hypothesis: We aimed to explore the consistency and reliability of the effects of rTMS combined with cognitive training rehabilitation has positive results in Mild Cognitive Impairment. Methods: One patient received treatment consisting of combined sessions of “repetitive” Transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) rehabilitation and CR for 6 weeks, one session each day for the first two weeks (from Monday to Friday), and three days a week from the third to the sixth week. Results: The results were encouraging, and we recorded improvements in all the tests administered.

Spinal Cord Stimulation for Pain Relief of Unresectable Sacral Chordoma

Posted on

An 83-year-old man with a large sacral chordoma not amenable to surgical resection presented with severe lower back and lower extremity pain refractory to opioid medications. Trial with a temporary external spinal cord stimulator (SCS) elicited a >50% relief of symptoms and a permanent SCS was subsequently placed. The patient continued to report adequate pain relief from the SCS 12 months after placement, despite continued progression of his disease.

Transforaminal Endoscopic Decompression for Lumbar Spine

Posted on

Endoscopic Spine Surgery has evolved rapidly in the past 5 years, and is getting less pushback by traditional spine surgeons who have no exposure or training in endoscopic spine surgery in their training. The author has dedicated his last 25 years to transforaminal endoscopic surgery. He has previously reported on his 12 years’ experience in 2007 in IJAS Surgery, but 13 years later, continued evolution of the transforaminal approach aided by new endoscopes and endoscopic instrumentation has allowed the author and experienced endoscopic surgeons adopting this approach, with the ability to treat 90 percent of painful degenerative conditions of the lumbar spine after the learning curve is conquered.

For more information visit https://www.scitechnol.com/abstract/transforaminal-endoscopic-decompression-for-painful-degenerative-conditions-of-the-lumbar-spine-a-review-of-one-surgeons-experienc-6261.html

Website URL: https://www.scitechnol.com/spine-neurosurgery.php

Poor sleep health could contribute to inflammatory disease

Posted on

Sleep disturbances and long sleep duration are associated with increases in markers of inflammation, a new meta-analysis reports. Common sleep disturbances, such as insomnia, have been associated with increased risk of inflammatory disease and mortality.

Source: Elsevier