Total Knee Arthroplasty without Drains

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A retrospective, case controlled review of our primary TKAs between 2009 and 2010 was conducted. After closure of arthrotomy, a solution containing a 40 ml vial of 0.5% bupivacaine with epinephrine 1: 200000 was given prior to the deflation of tourniquet, and two groups were simply divided according to the intra-articular injection or not. Bleeding parameters of each group, including the maximum hemoglobin reduction during stay, calculated blood loss, and transfusion requirement, were used to determine the hemostatic effect of this regimen. To know more Click


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