Adjustment disorder is sometimes referred to as situational depression when a person does not able to cope up with a major situation or any event in his life.The condition is different from anxiety disorder, which lacks the presence of a stressor, or post-traumatic stress disorder and acute stress disorder, which usually are associated with a more intense stressor.Common characteristics includes mild depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and traumatic stress symptoms or a combination of the three. It is characterized by depressed mood, anxiety, mixed depression and anxiety, disturbance of conduct, mixed disturbance of emotions and conduct, and unspecified. It may be acute or chronic, depending on whether it lasts more or less than six months. According to the DSM-IV-TR, if the AD lasts less than 6 months, then it may be considered acute. If it lasts more than six months, it may be considered chronic.Diagnosis is quite common; there is an estimated incidence of 5%–21% among psychiatric consultation services for adults. Adult women are diagnosed twice as often as are adult men. Among children and adolescents, girls and boys are equally likely to receive this diagnosis. It was introduced into the psychiatric classification systems almost 30 years ago, but similar syndromes were recognized for many years before that.
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